1. MARIYAM BOUHATTA - Plant, Animal and Agro-industry Production Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University.
2. HASSANA ALAOUI ISMAILI - Plant, Animal and Agro-industry Production Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University.
3. NAJIBA BRHADDA - Plant, Animal and Agro-industry Production Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University.
4. RABEA ZIRI - Plant, Animal and Agro-industry Production Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University.
In Morocco, wooded areas including esparto sheets extend over 9 million hectares, or 12% of the national territory. These spaces occupy an important place on the environmental, socio-economic and cultural level. The implementation of an integrated rural development policy for forest and peri -forest areas, which are particularly poor, with fragile economies and ecology, aims to gradually identify rural poverty and reduce it, the dependence of rural populations on -to natural resources. Moreover, and with a view to combating desertification, the efforts to be undertaken consist in strengthening local self-development capacities and setting up incentive mechanisms for investment, access to technical progress and credits for a better development of the agricultural and forestry sectors and the promotion of income-generating activities. This work uses survey data from forest areas in the central plateau region of Morocco. Its objective is to study the impact of the living conditions of households living near these areas. A first approach to the structure of the active population (over 20 to under 55) revealed the predominance of income from logging over other sources of income, and also the contribution of this activity to improvement of living conditions for loggers. The percentile and poverty index methods were used to understand the incidence, depth and severity of poverty among loggers logging these forest areas. It shows that the incidence of poverty (25.2%) of loggers is higher than that obtained at the national level (8.4%), and consequently the average severity of poverty in these forest areas observed is higher than that observed at the national level.
FOREST MANAGEMENT FACING THE CHALLENGE OF POVERTY AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT (CASE OF THE CENTRAL PLATEAU REGION OF MOROCCO)